The Nervous System (PDF to print)
The achievement of ABT is the ability to restore the impairment of nerves (amongst many other things), which in turn restores movement.
When you think of the enormously complicated body systems and the light touch simplicity of Animal Bowen Therapy, it's no wonder that we are in awe of the results!
Canine Nervous System
The dog’s central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord. Its peripheral nervous system includes 12 pairs of nerves that originate in the brain and supply the head and neck region. Further pairs of spinal nerves leave each opening between vertebrae and supply the entire body.
The peripheral nervous system consists of millions of individual nerve fibers, which conduct messages or signals from the brain to the muscle fibers.
Whether the dog is asleep or awake, vast amounts of information from nerve receptors in the skin, muscles, and joints travel through the peripheral nerves to the spinal cord and on to the brain.
12 pairs of Cranial Nerves- Some are sensory nerves such as smell and taste, others are motor nerves controlling movement such as eyes and tongue. Others are mixed nerves that do a combination of both.
The 10th pair of the cranial nerves is called the Vagus Nerve (or the wanderer) The term "vagus" (Latin for "wandering") is apt because the vagus nerve wanders all the way down from the brainstem to the colon, a long wandering trek. It is the nerve that is responsible for the condition Laryngeal Paralysis: a condition in dogs that you will come across.
Spinal Nerves have dorsal and ventral roots. The dorsal root enters the dorsal portion of the spinal cord and carries afferent (towards) or sensory impulses from the periphery to the spinal cord. The ventral root emerges from the ventral portion of the spinal cord and carries efferent (away) or motor impulses from the spinal cord to the muscle fibers or glands.
Spinal nerves supply sensory and motor fibers to the body region with their emergence from the spinal cord. After spinal nerves exit the spinal cord, they branch to form the peripheral nerves of the trunk and limbs. Several spinal nerves may join together to form a single peripheral nerve. This braiding of branches is called a plexus. Each appendage is innervated by a plexus. Each forelimb is supplied from nerves that arise from the brachial plexus (C6-T2) , and each hind limb is supplied from nerves that arise from the lumbosacral plexus (L4-S3). Brachial means the arm and lumbosacral means the loin and sacrum.
Pam Foley, one of your fellow ABT Practitioners did a thorough job in researching the Nervous System.
Please print the below PDF and add it to your binder for future reference!